Jerusalem, April 2017

Jehuda Bacon (age 88) and few other people on Earth have experienced angelic actions like those of Fredy Hirsh (a mentor and protector of children living in Birkenau), and at the same time the heroic actions of a man who has been described as a reincarnation of Jesus Christ,  Premysl Pitter (a Christian priest who protected Jewish children during and after the war). Pavel's dream came true when, after many years of trying, he was finally able to interview this incredible man in Jerusalem.

 

 

In Ramat Gan, Israel, November 2016

Interview with Ruth Bondy (age 94), legendary historian, Terezin and Auschwitz survivor,

famous Czech writer and translator (author of the book "Jakob Edelstein" - necessary for every Terezin scholar)

 

 

 


 

Rome - Ladispoli (Italy), February 2017

Benjamin Murmelstein (standing in the right corner) - the last and only surviving Elder of Theresienstadt - was accused by historians of collaborating with Nazis and imprisoned in the Czech Republic for almost a year after the war. His son, Wolf Murmelstein (83) spent his entire life trying to clear his father's name. During the interview, Pavel learned many "politically incorrect" facts that he is planning to use in his third book. Powerful testimony is proving that this last surviving Elder was a hero who saved the lives of thousands of people prior to transportation to the "East" in Vienna and at the end of the war in Theresienstadt.

 

 

 

 

In Givat Haim Ihud, Israel - research center Beit Terezin

Anita Tarsi, the leading Israeli historian on Theresienstadt, shared her knowledge with Pavel and gave him access

to the Beit Terezin archive



 

 

Professor Kolmer (Terezin and Auschwitz survivor): the man who inspired Pavel to write his first book.

The Professor is one of its characters.

 



 

Pavel's mentor - professor Kolmer (94 years old, member of AK1 - first transport to Terezin) and Svatava Vynal (87 years old, niece of president Edvard Beneš) narrating detailed stories about Terezin.

 

 

 

 

Research about Terezin led Pavel to start writing books.The first one "Tour guide story" was highly reviewed by the Charles University and the top Czech critics. An English version will soon be published.

 

 

 

Mr Tomas Kraus (director of Czech Jewish Federations) and Mrs Plockova (grand-daughter of the legendary art nouveau artist, Alfons Mucha) are personally supporting Pavel's book.


 

 

 

 

Books about Terezin  Ghetto-camp and Terezin Small fortress

 

 

 

 

 

Verifying of collected knowledge in the State Archives. The pictures above show the original interrogation files of arrested Terezin Nazi officers, guards, victims, and witnesses from 1945-1947.

 

 

 

 


 

Israeli (Sima Sachar and Noa David) and Czech (Mrs Chládková and Mrs Kuklová) - top Terezin historians and archive specialists - exchanging newest research facts, 2014

 

 


 

Petr Lang (92 years old): Terezin, Auschwitz and Kaufering survivor, who spent two and a half years in Terezin.

He's describing important facts about everyday ghetto life, and events prior to his transportation.


 

 

 

 

In a prepared documentary film, Terezin sport will have its own chapter. Talking here with Noa David (Beit Terezin - Department of Education, Israel) about the seriousness of this subject.


 

 

 

 

Vera Maisels (85 years old) in Tel Aviv, Israel, 2014. Author of famous Terezin poetry, here she is pictured describing adventure stories about hiding in the forest, events following her arrest, her transportation to Auschwitz, and children's plays performed in Terezin.

 

 


 

Vera Meisels in Terezin 2016 with Pavel and her grand-children, performing part of "The Fireflies" (children play) on exactly the same stage where the performance took place in March 1945 in front of Adolf Eichman

and other high-ranking Nazi officers

 

 

 

 

Gerda Steinfeld in Givatayim, Israel

Most children arriving in Terezin were separated from their parents and housed with 30-40 other children in a separate buildings called Heims (homes). Life in a Heim was strict and structured with daily activities included education and sports. Gerda's  mother refused to be separated from her daughter and endured very difficult living conditions so that they could remain together. During the day while her mother was working, Gerda was left alone. She entered the world of Terezin's "free children". Every day these children would pass the time wandering the streets of the Ghetto. In certain areas, elderly German Jews were dying by the hundreds every day, and it was only in the evening that their corpses were collected and taken to the mortuary. Children would play hide and seek and other games amidst the dead and dying people on the street. Gerda was among them.

 

 


 

Achim Beginsky survived Terezin living in the same situation as Gerda. He was exceptionally stealthy and his skill at sneaking into various block-kitchens ensured he was never hungry in Terezin

 

 

 

 

Hana Weingarten (87 years old; Tel Aviv, Israel) a girl from the famous Heim (home) "Room 28" - describing her teenage years spent in Terezin. Here she is remembering in great detail many famous artists including Fredy Hirsch.

 

 

 

 

Petr Erben (95 years old; Ashkelon, Israel): he gave a very important and unforgettable testimony about Fredy Hirsch, Terezin sport events, Terezin children and the youth care. He described the Terezin story as the most important part of his life.

 

 

 


 

Rueben Fisherman, interview in Kfar Saba, Israel, November 2016

In October of 1943, the Nazis began arresting Jews in Denmark. Of the 8500 Jews living there, the Nazis were not able to arrest even 500. The others escaped on fishing boats to Sweden, thanks to the organized action of Danish citizens.
When the Gestapo (Nazi secret police) came to arrest his family, 15 year-old Rueben Fisherman helped his older brother and father to escape by creating a rope from bedsheets and climbing down from a balcony. Rueben was arrested with his mother and sister and transported to Theresienstadt. He never saw his father and brother again. It was not until many years after the war that Rueben learned their tragic story from an eyewitness. There is little known about the hundreds of Jewish families that perished in the wild sea as they traveled toward freedom in Sweden.

 

 

 

Yad Vashem, Israel 2014

The story about Danish Jewish families in Terezin is very much connected with the infamous Red Cross Committee visit.  Danish Jews departed Terezin to travel to Sweden in white buses before the end of the war.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Helena Vovsova (90 years old): aged just sixteen, she started working as a servant and gardener for Heydrich's family (Reinhard Heydrich - director and architect of Final Solution, right hand of Adolf Hitler). She risked her life on a daily basis by stealing food from the castle kitchen to help Jewish slaves survive.

 

 

 

Castle of Panenské Břežany

Examining and filming castle of Reinhard Heydrich, where a small group of Terezin prisoners used to work as slaves. Among them was Peggy Croydon's father.


 


 

Peggy Croydon (86 years old): Peggy was twelve years old when she took the advice of her Jewish father, before his arrest by the Gestapo: instead of taking the transportation to Terezin she hid in Prague. Through selling illegal goods on the black market, and by constantly changing hiding places throughout the war, she was the only family member who survived.

 

 

 

 

 

Doris Grozdanovic (90 years old): she survived Terezin as a shepherdess. This interview took place in Terezin. Mrs Grozdanovic, who spent three and a half years in the ghetto camp at Terezin, remembers an incredible amount of events; so important for any historian.

 

 

 

Interview with Mrs. Michaela Vidlakova (Terezin survivor, representative of Prague Jewish Headquarters) recounting many details of life in the ghetto through the eyes of a little girl. Her mother, Mrs Irma Lauscher, was a famous teacher in Terezin who, with the ghetto children, planted a "Terezin Children's Tree." Out of the almost 8000 children sent from Terezin to concentration camps in the east, not more than 250 survived. In 1948 the tree was moved from Terezin and replanted in a safe place behind the crematorium by the child survivors.

 

 


 

Mrs Novotna (93 years old): narrating her personal experiences of the Jewish restrictions and transportations, the Prague-assassination of Reinhard Heydrich (architect and director of the Final Solution), the Czech national uprising,  liberation by the Soviet army, and many other important historical events she personally went through.

 

 

 

 

Mrs Vacikova (88 years old): the wife of a Terezin Small Fortress survivor, and author of a very important, yet forgotten book: "Mala Pevnost Terezin", last published in 1950. In this book she shares the testimony of her husband, who personally experienced the horrors of the " Storch-commando" (the place where Jewish prisoners were slaughtered).

 

 

 

 

 

Interview with Aaron Cohen (writer, producer and documentary maker) who created powerful film about Terezin and Auschwitz Jewish hero Fredy Hirsch

www.twitter.com/doc_auschwitz

 

 

 


 

The sign is missing above the former Small Fortress mortuary, where brutally tortured Jewish prisoners who were still alive, were often placed to die among dead bodies.

 

"To those, who gave their lives for our freedom"

 

 

 

In the first picture above, Pavel is showing an empty space on the Terezin children's barrack 31 inside B2B section of Auschwitz-Birkenau, where Fredy Hirsch's sign once was, but is now missing. The second picture is showing the entrance to the former Terezin family camp B2B in Auschwitz-Birkenau.


 

 

 

Fragments of ghetto life: messages and symbols on the walls of the entrance to the moat in the agricultural section, created by Jewish ghetto policemen while they were on guard.


 

 

Those who say there was no gas chamber at Terezin are mistaken. It was built and the Nazis were prepared to use it.  The Terezin Jewish Resistance were ready to destroy it, along with the storage of "Cyclone B" (no public access).

 

 


 

 

An important part of every historian's work is to educate new generations.


 


 

Protecting and guiding Hollywood celebrities while in Prague.

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